What is E-Mobility?￼
E-mobility or electron mobility is a modern concept that emerged from the urban mobility industry. It is used in the classification of transport means that utilize electrical energy for fulfilling their objective of transporting various people from one point to another point of their destination safely and efficiently.
One of the biggest examples of transport that falls under this category is electric cars. But this term is not related just to electric cars. It is applied to other transportation means too such as motorcycles and scooters.
Benefits of E-Mobility
The concept of e-mobility has started to achieve a lot of popularity for different reasons. Some of these reasons are mentioned below.
Lesser impact on the environment
The problem of CO2 emissions and its impact on global warming has become one of the significant reasons why governments and users have opted to get e mobility. It is considered to be an excellent alternative for the reduction in gas emissions and consumption of polluting fuels that are used by citizens and for personal transport.
Clean energy usage
There are many ways available for electricity generation. Among these different systems used, the ones with lower environmental impact stand out. This is contrary to what will happen with the use of fuels derived from petroleum. The use of these products means a direct impact on several aspects of our environment.
Lesser noise pollution
Generally speaking, any transport that utilizes electrical energy as a source for driving is normally a very quiet one compared to transport that makes use of IC engines or internal combustion engines. This also results in better performance in terms of reduction in noise pollution.
Longer battery life
The lithium-ion batteries used in e-cars come with long battery life. They have a greater energy density and they may be recharged several times over.
Although some of these batteries lose their charging capabilities after 8 to 10 years, they are not exactly defective. They will just store less energy. Most batteries used in e-cars these days have a capacity of 20 to 60 KWh.
Stabilization of smart grids
The batteries used in e-cars are utilized for the stabilization of smart grids. When the sun and wind are responsible for providing most of our energy supplies it also indicates a problem. The demand and supply of electricity can change depending on the weather.
The intelligent car-charging technology needs to be used for absorbing additional energy. The excess energy can also be sent back to the grid when not required in the car.
Electric cars also deliver better performance and come with much greater efficiency than cars using IC engines. The ratio of energy fed into an electric engine that can be used is close to 90%. This figure is around 35% for gasoline engines and 45% for diesel engines.
Because of the availability of higher torque, electric cars can accelerate faster than normal cars from 0 onwards.
Use of inverters
It is also possible to get energy from the inverters. If there is a breakdown, you can feed the inverter back to the batteries. This process is called recuperation.
Although there are several advantages associated with emobility, there are also some challenges involved.
One of the more obvious disadvantages is that the initial buying price of e-vehicles is still pretty high.
Use of renewable sources for power generation
To make sure that these vehicles are truly zero emission, the electricity used in them has to come from renewable sources. It should not come from coal-fired power plants for instance. The battery production should also be CO2-neutral.
Effectiveness of batteries
The attractiveness of e-cars will stand by and fall with the batteries. Things such as what distance they can cover with the batteries. What is the cost of these batteries? How much do they weigh? etc.
There is certainly some room here for improvement. You are going to need the use of new technology for getting better performance and higher efficiency from the batteries.
Fewer charging stations
Many respondents have criticized the fact that there is a smaller network of charging stations available in many places such as Europe and this situation has to be improved. Most charging points in the U.S. are in California, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Jose.
Significance of E-mobility
There is a clear link between sustainability and e-mobility. The more e mobility solutions we can employ; the greater will be the reduction in CO2 emissions and greenhouse gases. This is specifically more significant in the transport sector which has seen a rise of 100% in emissions since the 1970s.
In America, we have observed transport-generated emissions rising each year. In the year 2016, these emissions even surpassed the electricity industry and became the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases in the U.S.
Transport also results in a lot of air pollution. It is a fact that more than 90% of the world’s population lives in conditions where the air quality is worse than the limits set up by WHO.
With the replacement of fossil-fuel-based transportation with electricity-powered vessels and cars, we can expect to dramatically improve air quality. This will also help in achieving the objective of getting a significant reduction in CO2 emissions.
Impact of E-mobility at the city level
The impact of pollution due to transport in the cities is more significant where there are a large number of people moving around and several vehicles are also operational. All this is happening within a small geographical area and as a result, controlling air pollution is an increasingly significant priority.
In these cities, e-mobility can significantly decrease NOX and other emissions caused by soot. These cities will also have an opportunity to rethink their traffic alternatives. There is an option available with vehicle electrification for more sustainable public transport, a better infrastructure for walkers and bikers, and a better e-car infrastructure.
Effect of E-mobility at a personal level
In general, electric vehicles cost less money for running over a lifetime than compared to conventional cars having IC engines. This lesser cost comes largely from fewer moving parts, more relaxed taxation regimes, and fewer fuel costs.
Some other benefits of e-mobility solutions for your vehicle include better driving performance and decreased noise pollution. With the e-cars, you also get the capability to provide services to power systems and buildings with the use of their batteries. You can in reality earn from these services.
It is a fact that the majority of buses and cars in use these days are still powered by fossil fuels. It results in the emission of some toxic pollutants. There are several clean technologies available out there such as, alternative fuel-powered engines and hydrogen but emobility is the most viable one to tackle urban air pollution.
If you are looking to develop an e mobility app for checking the status of charging stations etc., look no further than Jungleworks for expert help.